Heating and cooling buildings accounts for over 50% of energy use in Scotland. More efficient heating and air-conditioning is therefore key to cutting energy costs and carbon emissions.
The Scottish government has used OS data under the One Scotland Mapping agreement to create Scotland’s Heat Map. This detailed interactive tool brings the issue to life and highlights opportunities for energy generation and efficiency measures.
What were the challenges?
- Energy consumption is an increasingly important factor in planning and infrastructure decisions at both national and local level.
- Spatial location of heat is a crucial aspect in identifying opportunities for the efficient supply and consumption of heat.
- Before this initiative, there was no consistent dataset for the whole of Scotland, so heat information at a national level was difficult to collate.
What was the solution?
The Scotland Heat Map has proven to be a valuable resource in increasing awareness of issues relating to efficient supply and generation of heat. All 32 local authorities now have access to the heat map and the online tool means community groups and members of the public can also access valuable information for their local area.Andrew Seaton, Heat Data Analyst
The Scottish Government used OS MasterMap Topography Layer and other products for the user friendly web map, and AddressBase data to plot energy consumption – right down to the level of individual buildings. The simple licensing framework of the One Scotland Mapping Agreement let the Scottish Government and over 100 public sector organisations share and publish their data.
A version for the public shows a range of general information, from the national to the local level. This helps educate citizens and show government transparency. There is also a more detailed view for selected public sector organisations.
Each local authority has a local copy of the full heat map dataset for their area, which can be used to generate reports and support planning.
What were the outcomes?
- By making complex datasets easier to understand, it supports national analysis and helps local authorities to work together on this issue.
- It shows opportunities for a wide range of heat technologies, from district heating to micro Combined Heat and Power.
- Reports can be produced quicker, with fewer data collection exercises needed.
- City of Edinburgh Council saved six weeks’ worth of work on their Energy Master Plan by using the Heat Map.